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      增壓柴油機及其工作原理翻譯
      來源:北京新語絲翻譯公司  編輯:xinyusi  發布日期:2013-09-06 14:50

          在機械翻譯中,機械的工作原理翻譯文件很常見,以下就是我公司專業機械翻譯譯員整理翻譯的增壓柴油機及其工作原理文件翻譯。

          The supercharged diesel engine and its working principle

          增壓柴油機的工作原理與自然吸氣柴油機的工作原理是一樣的,兩者的區別主要是在自然吸氣柴油機的基礎上,在進、排氣管路上增設增壓系統,增壓系統的主要功能是在新鮮空氣進入發動機缸內之前對氣體進行預壓縮,使進氣密度高于周圍環境的空氣密度。凡是能將內燃機進氣的空氣密度提高到高于周圍環境溫度的密度的一切方法統稱為“增壓”。增壓的目的在于增加每個工作循環充入氣缸內的空氣量,從而可以相應增加每工作循環柴油的供給量,使每工作循環作更多的功,增加柴油機的輸出動力。采用增壓除增加發動機動力的同時,還可以較大幅度地降低柴油機的燃油耗和降低廢氣排放污染物,對于降低噪聲也有一定作用。

          The supercharged diesel engine works in the same principle as that of the naturally aspirated diesel engine. The major different between them is that the supercharged one has a supercharger system on the intake and exhaust pipes based on the naturally aspirated one. The supercharger system generally functions to preliminarily compress the fresh air before it enters the engine cylinders, making the aspirated air denser than the surrounding air. All the methods which could make the engine intake air denser than the surrounding air are collectively referred to as "supercharging". The supercharging is intended to fill more air into the cylinders in each work cycle. Thus, the diesel charge in each work cycle could be increased accordingly, outputting more power in each work cycle and increasing the power output of the diesel engine. In addition to increasing the engine power, supercharging considerably reduces the diesel consumption of the engine and reduces the pollutant in the emitted exhaust. In addition, it also somehow contributes to noise minimization.

          增壓的類型:

          Types of supercharging:

          增壓的類型最常用的有機械增壓、廢氣渦輪增壓、復合增壓和氣波增壓四種。其中廢氣渦輪增壓是應用較多的方式,4100QBZL型柴油機采用的就是廢氣渦輪增壓的方式。以下重點介紹廢氣渦輪增壓的方式。

          The most common types of supercharging include mechanical supercharging, exhaust turbo supercharging (turbocharging), combined supercharging, and pressure wave supercharging. Diesel engine 4100QBZL employs the turbocharging, which enjoys extensive applications. The following paragraphs focus on the turbocharging.

          北京新語絲翻譯公司專業機械翻譯公司,我們有專業的機械翻譯團隊,如果您有此類文件需要翻譯,可以隨時與本公司在線客服人員聯系,同時也可以撥打我們的服務熱線:010-85969292轉802



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